All Issue

2018 Vol.38, Issue 5
October 2018. pp. 627-634

In the study, computational fluid dynamics analysis was performed to estimate wind force coefficients for a box-type concrete girder bridge under the influence of wind. The drag, lift and pitching moment coefficients were obtained for the bridge section without noise barrier and compared with those of the bridge section with noise barriers of various heights. The shear stress transport k-ω turbulence model was employed to estimate the wind force coefficients, and the contribution of the friction drag force to the total drag force was investigated. It was found from the study that the drag force coefficients increased as the height of noise barrier increased when a wind blew horizontally, and that the contribution of the friction drag force was highest for the bridge section without noise barrier. It is concluded that the impact of the height of noise barriers should be considered in the design of bridges, and the friction force played an important role in evaluating wind forces on bridges.

본 연구에서는 바람의 영향을 받는 박스형 콘크리트 거더교에 대한 풍력계수를 산정하기 위하여 전산유체해석(CFD)를 수행하였다. 방음벽이 없는 교량 단면에 대한 항력계수, 양력계수 및 비틀림모멘트계수를 산정하였고, 이 풍력계수 값들을 다양한 높이의 방음벽을 갖는 교량 단면에 대한 풍력계수 값들과 비교하였다. 전산유체해석에서 풍력계수들을 산정할 때 전단응력수송(SST) k-ω 난류 모델을 적용하였고, 마찰 항력계수가 전체 항력계수에 미치는 기여도를 조사하였다. 연구 결과, 바람이 수평으로 불 때 항력계수는 방음벽의 높이가 커질수록 증가하였고, 마찰 항력의 기여도는 교량 단면에 방음벽이 없을 때 가장 높았다. 따라서 교량설계에서 풍력을 산정할 때 방음벽의 높이의 영향을 고려할 필요가 있으며, 벽면 마찰력은 교량에 작용하는 풍력을 산정할 때 중요한 역할을 하였다.

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  • Publisher :Korean Society of Civil Engineers
  • Publisher(Ko) :대한토목학회
  • Journal Title(Ko) :대한토목학회 논문집
  • Volume : 38
  • No :5
  • Pages :627-634
  • Received Date :2018. 07. 08
  • Accepted Date : 2018. 08. 21