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2018 Vol.38, Issue 5 Preview Page
October 2018. pp. 655-669

In this study, we developed a hybrid forecasting model based on a four-parameter distribution which allows a simultaneous season-ahead forecasting for both seasonal rainfall and sub-daily rainfall in Han-River and Geum-River basins. The proposed model is mainly utilized a set of time-varying predictors and the associated model parameters were estimated within a Bayesian nonstationary rainfall frequency framework. The hybrid forecasting model was validated through an cross-validatory experiment using the recent rainfall events during 2014~2017 in both basins. The seasonal precipitation results showed a good agreement with the observations, which is about 86.3% and 98.9% in Han-River basin and Geum-River basin, respectively. Similarly, for the extreme rainfalls at sub-daily scale, the results showed a good correspondence between the observed and simulated rainfalls with a range of 65.9~99.7%. Therefore, it can be concluded that the proposed model could be used to better consider climate variability at multiple time scales.

본 연구에서는 비정상성 Bayesian 빈도해석모형을 토대로 외부 기상인자에 의한 시변성을 고려할 수 있는 계절강수량 예측모형을 구축한 후 산정된 결과를 입력 자료로 하여 직접적으로 일단위 이하의 극치강수량을 상세화시킬 수 있는 베타 모델(four parameter beta, 4PB)을 연계하여 한강 및 금강유역의 미래 계절 강수량 전망 및 일단위 이하의 확률강수량을 도출하였다. 모형의 적합성 검증을 위하여 2014~2017년의 모의된 사후 확률분포 값과 관측치를 비교하였다. 그 결과 계절강수량 모의에서 한강은 관측 값의 최대 약 86.3%, 금강은 약 98.9% 일치하는 것을 확인할 수 있었다. 지속시간별 극치강우량은 약 65.9~99.7%의 정확성을 나타냈다. 이에 본 연구에서 산정한 결과는 기상변동성을 다양한 시간규모에서 고려하기 위한 정보로 활용할 수 있을 것으로 판단된다.

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  • Publisher :Korean Society of Civil Engineers
  • Publisher(Ko) :대한토목학회
  • Journal Title(Ko) :대한토목학회 논문집
  • Volume : 38
  • No :5
  • Pages :655-669
  • Received Date :2018. 05. 21
  • Accepted Date : 2018. 07. 09