All Issue

2018 Vol.38, Issue 6 Preview Page
December 2018. pp. 991-999
In urban areas, the proportion of railway traffic in public transport is increasing. The congestion situation is repeated as the passengers concentrate on station and transfer facilities and the inconvenience of the passengers is increasing in terms of safety and convenience. Therefore, the importance of estimating the appropriate area of the station has been emphasized. The area estimation formula used in the metropolitan railway stations currently is a partial modification of the area estimation formula of Japan in the 1970s. It does not reflect changes in the social and cultural environment and patterns of passengers. The technical basis for major decision variables is insufficient. Therefore, the theoretical basis of the area estimation formula and the pedestrian environment satisfaction of the design guideline of metropolitan railway stations were analyzed in order to suggest improvement formula. The improved area estimation formula was verified by conducting field surveys on 5 stations of metropolitan railways and 15 stations of urban railways. The existing area estimation formula is LOS E grade for the main space. However, the LOS D grade is implemented when the improved area estimation formula is applied. Based on the results, the design factors for the area estimation formula are suggested.
광역 도시권의 대중교통 시스템에서 철도교통이 차지하는 비중이 증가함에 따라 정거장 및 환승시설에 철도 이용자가 집중되어 극심한 혼잡상황이 반복되고 있다. 이로 인해 안전성, 편의성 측면에서 이용객의 불편이 가중되고, 정거장의 적정면적 산정에 대한 중요성이 요구되고 있다. 현재, 광역․도시철도 정거장에서 사용하고 있는 면적산정식은 1970년대 일본의 면적산정식을 일부 변형한 것으로 우리나라의 사회·문화 환경과 시대 흐름에 따른 이용객의 패턴 변화 등을 반영하고 있지 못하며, 주요 결정변수에 대한 기술적 근거도 미흡한 상황이다. 따라서, 본 연구에서는 승강장 면적산정식 개선(안)을 제시하고자 광역․도시철도 정거장 설계지침의 면적산정식과 보행 환경의 만족도에 대한 이론적 근거를 분석하고, 광역철도 5개 정거장 및 도시철도 15개 정거장에 대한 현장조사를 통해 개선된 면적산정식을 검증하였다. 면적산정식 개선(안) 적용한 결과에 따르면, 기존 면적산정식은 주요 공간에 대하여 LOS E 등급으로 나타났으나 개선된 면적산정식을 적용시 D등급의 보행환경이 구현되는 것으로 나타났다. 도출된 결과로부터 설계지침의 승강장 면적 산정시 사용되는 설계요소에 대한 개선(안)을 제시하였다.
  1. Fruin, J. J. (1971). “Pedestrian planning and design.” Metropolitan Association of Urban Designers and Environmental Planners.
  2. Hong, H. R., Seo, D. G., Hasemi, Y. and Kown, Y. J. (2011). “A study on the walking speed of crowd for safety evacuation design of the elderly.” Fire Science and Engineering, Vol. 25, No. 1, pp. 19-26.
  3. Jang, S. Y., Han, S. and Kim, S. (2010). “A study on level of service of pedestrian facility in transfer stations at urban railroad.” Journal of the Korean Society for Railway, Vol. 13, No. 3, pp. 339-348 (in Korean).
  4. Kim, J., Oh, Y., Son, Y. and Park, W. (2002). “A study on estimating LOS for pedestrian facilities.” Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, Vol. 20, No. 1, pp. 149-156 (in Korean).
  5. Kim, K., Kim, J., Shin, M., Kim, H. and Park, Y. (2015). “A study on the estimation for width of passageway for improvement in the safety and the convenience of the metro stations and the transfer facilities” Journal of the Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, Vol. 15, No. 2, pp. 63-70 (in Korean).
  6. Korea Rail Network Authority (2015). “Railway design guidelines and handbook (Architecture/Inspection Facility).”
  7. Leung, P. (2011). “Application of virtual design & construction in the operating railways in Hong Kong.” C&BEM.
  8. London Underground (2012). “Station planning standards & guidelines.” Mayor of London, Transport for London, p. 73.
  9. Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, and Transport (2011). Design manual for solid transfer.
  10. Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, and Transport (2013). Design standard of urban railway station and transferring facilities.
  11. Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport (2015). High capacity manual.
  12. Network Rail (2012). “Station capacity assessment guidance.” p. 33.
  13. Oh, M., Kim, J. U., Park, D. J., Son, U. Y. and Lee, S. (2010). “Service satisfaction evaluation of each travel section in seoul’s subway junctions.” Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, Vol. 28, No. 4, pp. 85-93 (in Korean).
  14. Seo, D., Hwang, E. and Kwon, Y. (2010). “An investigation study on the walking speed of crowd for egress safety of PBD.” Review of Architecture and Building Science, Vol. 26, No. 12.
  • Publisher :Korean Society of Civil Engineers
  • Publisher(Ko) :대한토목학회
  • Journal Title(Ko) :대한토목학회 논문집
  • Volume : 38
  • No :6
  • Pages :991-999