Regarding the small- and medium-sized enterprises in Korea that manufacture the railway vehicle parts, there are over 250 related companies. And they have been surviving in the form of producing and delivering the parts of the railway vehicles by importing the technologies and the products of the foreign countries rather than possessing their own technological abilities. Due to this, regarding the industry of the core components of the railroads, the dependence on the overseas has been high. As such, although, for supporting the small- and medium-sized enterprises that manufacture the railway vehicle parts, the government has been strengthening the diverse policy supports, it is a fact that the effectiveness of the support is not high. And, in order to effectively support these, there is a need to understand clearly and definitely what the important promotion factors are in the process of the technology commercialization. Accordingly, through the precedent researches regarding the factors that promote the technology commercializations of the small- and medium-sized enterprises that manufacture the railway vehicle parts, this research had extracted 10 main items. And the level of the importance of these indices was analyzed by using the AHP (Analytic Hierarchy Process). As a result of the AHP analysis, the factors within a corporation appeared to be the most important factor. And, as for the lower-ranking item, the commercialization capability was analyzed to be the most important item. It is highly expected that the contents and the results of this research will be usefully used when formulating the planning of the support program and the support policy for the technology commercializations by the public research organizations and the railroad management organization, which is an organization that supports the small- and medium-sized enterprises that manufacture the railway vehicle parts.
국내 철도차량부품 제조 중소기업은 250여 개의 관련업체가 있으며 자체 기술력을 보유하기 보다는 외국 기술과 제품을 수입하여 철도차량의 부품을 제작·납품하는 형태로 생존하고 있다. 이로 인해 철도 핵심부품 산업은 해외 의존성이 높은 상황이다. 이에 정부에서는 철도차량부품 제조 중소기업 지원을 위해서 다양한 정책적 지원을 강화하고 있지만, 정부의 지원 정책이 철도차량부품 제조 중소기업이 안고 있는 문제점과 애로사항을 충분히 해결하지 못하고 있다. 철도차량부품 제조 중소기업이 국가경제의 경쟁력 강화에 기여할 수 있고 이들을 효과적으로 지원하기 위해서는 기술사업화 과정에서 중요한 촉진요인이 무엇인지 명확히 파악할 필요가 있다. 이에 본 연구는 철도차량부품 제조 중소기업의 기술사업화를 촉진하는 10개의 요인을 추출하였으며, 이들 지표의 중요도를 AHP (Analytic Hierarchy Process)를 이용하여 분석하였다. AHP 분석결과, 기업내부 요인이 가장 중요한 요인으로 나타났으며, 그 하위 항목으로는‘사업화 능력’이 가장 중요한 항목으로 분석되었다. 본 연구의 내용과 결과는 공공 연구기관 및 철도차량부품 제조 중소기업 지원 기관인 철도 운영기관의 기술사업화 지원 프로그램 기획과 지원 정책을 수립할 때 유용하게 이용될 수 있을 것으로 기대된다.
Choi, D. B. (2017). "Analysis of the effective strategies on railway industry development based on company competences." Journal of Korean Society for Urbam Railway, Vol. 5, No. 4, pp. 1093-1100 (in Korean).10.24284/JKOSUR.2017.12.5.4.1093
Choi, S. B. and Ha, G. R. (2011). "A study of critical factors for technological innovation of Korean manufacturing firms." Journal of Industrial Economics and Business, Vol. 24, No. 1, pp. 1-24 (in Korean).
Kim, H. M., Han, J. H. and Kim, Y. B. (2013). "Study on future foresight of the technology commercialization policy." Korea Industrial Economic Association, Vol. 26, No. 2, pp. 803-824 (in Korean).
Kim, T. H. (2012). "A study on ways of improving support system for local export corporations: using expert choice." Journal of Industrial Economics and Business, Vol. 25, No. 5, pp. 3481-3502 (in Korean).
Korea Agency for Infrastructure Technology Advancment (KAIA) (2015). Strategical promotion plan for rail material & parts industry, Infrastructure R&D Report (in Korean).
Korea Agency for Infrastructure Technology Advancment (KAIA) (2018). Analysis of the effective strategies on railway industry development based on company competences, Infrastructure R&D Report (in Korean).
Korea Institute of Science & Technology Evaluation and Planning (KISTEP) (2012). An analysis of sustainability of government- supported research institutes and policy recommendations, Report (in Korean).
Korea Statistical Information Service (KOSIS) (2016). Using data from 2016 Census on Establishments (in Korean).
Ku, B. C. and Nam, S. S. (2015). "The importance analysis of critical factors that facilitate technology transfer and commercialization through AHP." Journal of the Korea Management Engineering, Vol. 20, No. 1, pp. 45-63 (in Korean).
Lee, B. H. and Huh, M. G. (2014). "Configurations of strategy, environment, and structure in Korean hidden champions: analysis and performance implications." Journal of Strategic Management, Vol. 17, No. 3, pp. 139-161 (in Korean).10.17786/jsm.2014.17.3.007
Lee, E. Y., Kim, K. H. and Cin, B. C. (2009). "An empirical analysis on effects of technological development subsidy on firm productivity." The e-Business Studies, Vol. 10, No. 4, pp. 367-389 (in Korean).
Lee, M. S., Lee, T. H. and Kim, J. S. (2010). "An analysis on the important weight of evaluation items in technology transfer using AHP." Korea Academy Industrial Cooperation Society, Vol. 11, No. 8, pp. 2758-2765 (in Korean).10.5762/KAIS.2010.11.8.2758
Lee, S. B. (2017). "An analysis on the critical startup success factors in small-sized venture businesses." Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship, Vol. 12, No. 3, pp. 53-63 (in Korean).
Lee, Y. J. (2008). "Public research institute technology transfer." Science and Technology Policy Institute, Vol. 5, No. 7, pp. 1-22 (in Korean).
Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport (MOLIT) (2016). A planning business about core components / devices of next generation railroad technology and an establishing strategy for promoting enterprises, Infrastructure R&D Report (in Korean).
Ministry of SMEs and Startups (MSS) (2017). Technology roadmap for SME 2017-2019, Infrastructure R&D Report.
Oh, Y. S., Han, S. D., Ahn, J. E. and Yoo, H. J. (2015). "Strategies promotion plan for rail material & parts industry." Journal of Korean Society for Railway, Vol. 10, No. 4, pp. 1091-1109 (in Korean).
Park, J. G. and Yeo, I. G. (2011). "Industrial technology planning present condition and prospect." The Korean Association For Public Administration, Vol. 17, No. 6, pp. 564-578 (in Korean).
Park, J. S. and Park, J. Y. (2013). "The solution process of successful technology commercialization." Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering, Vol. 17, No. 7, pp. 1522-1530 (in Korean).10.6109/jkiice.2013.17.7.1522
Park, M. S. and Lee, H. Y. (2012). "A study of technical support policy for innovative SMEs." International Commerce and Information Review, Vol. 14, No. 1, pp. 197-218 (in Korean).
Park, W. and Park, H. Y. (2014). "A study on business ecosystem model for technology commercialization: focused on its application to public R&DCommercialization." Journal of Korea Technology Innovation Society, Vol. 17, No. 4, pp. 786-819 (in Korean).
Roh, D. H., Jeong, Y. K. and Park, H. Y. (2016). "An analysis on the relative importance evaluation of SMEs·Venture technology commercialization problems using AHP." Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship, Vol. 11, No. 1, pp. 1-22 (in Korean).10.16972/apjbve.11.1.201602.1
Satty, T. L. (1980). "The Analytic Hierarchy Process." McGraw-Hill, New York.
Statistics Korea (KOSTAT) (2016). Korean statistical information service number of workers, Report.
Sung, T. K. and Kim, J. S. (2009). "Determinants of Firm's innovation performance: evidence from jeonbuk-based firms." Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering, Vol. 22, No. 4, pp. 2017-2036 (in Korean).
Yang, D. W. (2005). "An empirical study on extracting significant technology valuation index of IT SMES." Korea Industrial Economic Association, Vol. 8, No. 1, pp. 277-295 (in Korean).
- Publisher :Korean Society of Civil Engineers
- Publisher(Ko) :대한토목학회
- Journal Title :JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN SOCIETY OF CIVIL ENGINEERS
- Journal Title(Ko) :대한토목학회 논문집
- Volume : 38
- No :6
- Pages :1001-1012
- Received Date :2018. 09. 10
- Accepted Date : 2018. 10. 04